[NYCDOC Keepers 1930 List booklet cover]
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NYC DOC Prison Matrons
names, appointment dates, institution assignments, and salaries on last 2 pages in a 20-page "keepers list" booklet published March 16, 1930:
Page 19

See web note:
[NYCDOC Matrons 1930 first page of names]
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Date of Appointment
June 9, 1896.
Dec. 21, 1906—Res.
Mar. 1, 1907—Rein.
May 10, 1924—Ret.
June 16, 1927—Rein.temp.
Oct. 11, 1927—App. Perm.
Mary Curtin Workhouse, W. I. $1,920.00
Aug. 7, 1896 Lizzie Curtin Workhouse, W. I. $1,920.00
Oct. 5, 1903 Marie T. Kelly District Prisons $1,920.00
Nov. 10, 1904 Margaret Kerin District Prisons $1,920.00
Nov. 1, 1906 Margaret E. Smith District Prisons $1,920.00
Feb. 7, 1907 Mary A. Metzrath District Prisons $1,920.00
Jan. 21, 1908 Catherine Turner District Prisons $1,920.00
Sept. 14, 1908 Mary Sanderson District Prisons $1,920.00
Oct. 25, 1908 Aida Powers Workhouse, W. I. $1,920.00
July 1, 1910 Mary Aupperle C. P. Queens $1,920.00
Nov. 3, 1911 Mary E. M. Riordan District Prisons $1,920.00
June 17, 1912 Mary Maloney C. P. Brooklyn $1,920.00
Oct. 17, 1912 Mary A. Kelly District Prisons $1,920.00
Apr. 10, 1913 Cora M. Smith C. P. Brooklyn $1,920.00
Dec. 1, 1914 Ellen Walker District Prisons $1,920.00
Jan. 1, 1915 Anna Nugent Workhouse, W. I. $1,920.00
June 5, 1915 Margaret Reilly Workhouse, W. I. $1,920.00
June 18, 1917 Mary E. McCaffrey Greycourt, N. Y $1,920.00
July 3, 1917 Sarah Kelly Workhouse, W. I. $1,920.00
Sept. 9, 1917 Ella Timmons Workhouse, W. I. $1,920.00
Aug. 24, 1918—App. Tailor
Jan. 1, 1920—Apptd. Matron
Elizabeth Weyand District Prisons $1,920.00
Aug. 16, 1920—Appt. Hosp. Attend
June 2, 1924—Appt. Matron
Catherine R. O’Neill C. P. Brooklyn $1,920.00
Sept. 12, 1922 Margaret Glennon C. P. Brooklyn $1,920.00
Sept. 18, 1922 Edith V. Thorp C. P. Brooklyn $1,920.00
Oct. 9, 1922 Carrie Reinheimer District Prisons $1,920.00
Feb. 15, 1923 Veronica Samsel District Prisons $1,920.00
May 7, 1923 Rosetta M. Conway Workhouse,W. I. $1,920.00
Aug. 9, 1923 Annie M. Reilly Workhouse,W. I. $1,920.00
Sept. 3, 1923 Margaret Darde C. P. Queens $1,920.00
Sept. 12, 1923 May T. Rousseau Workhouse,W. I. $1,920.00
Oct. 8, 1923 Margaret Spring District Prisons $1,920.00
Nov. 20, 1923 Annie E. Keller Workhouse,W. I. $1,920.00
Jan. 1, 1924 Elizabeth Lonergan District Prisons $1,920.00
May 1, 1924 Mary Malloy Workhouse,W. I. $1,920.00
May 1, 1924 Anna Mulligan Workhouse,W. I. $1,920.00
<== To Home Page || To 1930 Keepers Graduation || To Next Matrons List Page ==>
Glossary for Above Institution Identity Terms Used in 1930 Listing:

C. P. Brooklyn

City Prison, Brooklyn, aka the Raymond Street Jail, 149 Ashland Place.

C. P. Queens

City Prison, Queens, 1 Court Square, Long Island City.

District Prisons

11 detention facilites -- 9 in Manhattan, 2 in the Bronx-- treated as 1 command.


The Women's Farm Colony in the Town of Chester, Orange County, N.Y., that received its first female inmates in 1924.


Officially renamed the Correction Hospital in 1916, the Welfare Island facility's 19th century name lingered in use. Separate sections for male and female inmates.

Web note re historical perspective:
The 1930 DOC booklet's listing reflects the then secondary status of female custodial staffers. The matrons were not even included in the booklet's title. For this 2005 Women’s History presentation, we "corrected" that oversight digitally on the booklet cover image -- a bit of historical revisionism! Nor were they mentioned in the Page 3 introduction (see To All Prison Keepers text box on the right) that stressed how seniority strictly determined salary.

But, while that introduction cited seven pay grades, from $1,769 to $2,220, a glance at the matrons’ pay reveals their salaries stopped at the next-to-the-bottom rung -- $1,920 -- regardless of seniority.

Male keepers on the job more than 15 years had moved up the salary ladder, not the matrons. Example: the 30 most senior men, appointment dates from 1883 through 1908, drew the top pay grade: $2,220. The 7 most senior women, appointment dates from 1896 through 1908, were still stuck at the second lowest pay level: $1,920.

The printed booklet's title page was numbered page 1, followed by a blank page, followed by the salary ladder explanation (below) on numbered page 3. The actual listing began on numbered page 4.
    March 16, 1930.

To All Prison Keepers:

There is given herewith in the order of seniority a list of all the prison keepers of the Department, as of March 16, I930.

This list gives the name, date of appointment, institution where assigned, and the salary.

You are also advised that it is the fixed policy of this administration to advance keepers from the lower to the higher grades of salary in the order of their length of service with the Department.

There will be no deviation from this except in cases where a keeper has performed some particularly meritorious or courageous act in connection with the prevention of escapes, suppression of riots or mutinies, or something of a similar nature; or where a keeper has been convicted of any dereliction of duty of a serious nature.

    The grades of salaries are as follows

--- $1,769
--- $1,920
--- $1,980
--- $2,040
--- $2,100
--- $2,160
--- $2,220

    This list will be revised from time to time.

Freddie Wallace-Rakis' beautifully photographed and creatively designed set of 5 photo montage posters (each 13 x 19 inches) that DOC printed and distributed to its facilities for wall display to celebrate 2005 Women's History Month has been converted and reduced by NYCHS into a PDF file with downloadable and printable pages (each 5.5 x 8.5 inches). A cover page with the 5 montages in miniature has been added for this NYCHS presentation of the DOC posters. Each miniature montage on the NYCHS version's cover page is linked to its respective 5.5 x 8.5 DOC poster page. The 6-page PDF file is 700K. It can be saved to 3.5 inch floppy disk. Access the PDF (Adobe Acrobat) file by clikcing the above composite image of the cover page of the NYCHS version.